However, in 1751 the Prince of Wales died unexpectedly from a lung injury, and George became heir apparent to the throne.He inherited one of his father's titles and became the Duke of Edinburgh.George IVPrince Frederick, Duke of York William IVCharlotte, Princess Royal, Queen of Württemberg Prince Edward, Duke of Kent Princess Augusta Sophia Princess Elizabeth Ernest Augustus I of Hanover Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester Princess Sophia Prince Octavius Prince Alfred Princess Amelia ) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of these two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death.
Bute's opponents worked against him by spreading the calumny that he was having an affair with the King's mother, and by exploiting anti-Scottish prejudices amongst the English.He was the first British monarch to study science systematically.Apart from chemistry and physics, his lessons included astronomy, mathematics, French, Latin, history, music, geography, commerce, agriculture and constitutional law, in addition to sporting and social accomplishments such as dancing, fencing, and riding. George's grandfather, King George II, disliked the Prince of Wales and took little interest in his grandchildren.Now more interested in his grandson, three weeks later the King created George Prince of Wales.In the spring of 1756, as George approached his eighteenth birthday, the King offered him a grand establishment at St James's Palace, but George refused the offer, guided by his mother and her confidante, Lord Bute, who would later serve as Prime Minister. He did not travel extensively, and spent his entire life in southern England.
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In 1763, after concluding the Peace of Paris which ended the war, Lord Bute resigned, allowing the Whigs under George Grenville to return to power.Later that year, the Royal Proclamation of 1763 placed a boundary upon the westward expansion of the American colonies.Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India.However, many of its American colonies were soon lost in the American Revolutionary War, which led to the establishment of the United States.As Prince George was born two months premature and was thought unlikely to survive, he was baptised the same day by Thomas Secker, who was both Rector of St James's and the Bishop of Oxford.
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One month later, he was publicly baptised at Norfolk House, again by Secker.
Medical practitioners were baffled by this at the time, although it has since been suggested that he suffered from the blood disease porphyria.
After a final relapse in 1810, a regency was established, and George III's eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, ruled as Prince Regent.
His godparents were the King of Sweden (for whom Lord Baltimore stood proxy), his uncle the Duke of Saxe-Gotha (for whom Lord Carnarvon stood proxy) and his great-aunt the Queen of Prussia (for whom Lady Charlotte Edwin stood proxy).
George grew into a healthy, but reserved and shy, child.